Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Tweet. Common name: Gorse, furze or whin Scientific name: Ulex Europaea Welsh name:Eithinen Ffrengig: Family group: Fabaceae Flowers of Common Gorse – Ulex Europaea Common gorse is the only species native to much of western Europe, where it grows in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils. Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. Regionally prohibited in the East Gippsland catchment. The scientific name was derived from the from the Celtic “ec” or “ac”, meaning “a prickle”, in reference to the prickley branches of the species. The 15-20mm long flowers, with their wonderful aroma of coco nut, are borne on stems of spiny bluish-green spike s. Moreover, it is widely used for land reclamation (e.g., mine tailings), where its nitrogen-fixing capacity helps other plants establish better. 3. Regionally controlled in the Wimmera, North Central, West Gippsland, Goulburn Broken, North East Corangamite, Glenelg Hopkins, Port Phillip and Western Port catchments. Ulex (commonly known as gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The flowers are sometimes eaten by the caterpillars of the double-striped pug moth (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata), while those of the case-bearer moth Coleophora albicosta feed exclusively on gorse. Gorse Botanical name: Ulex europaeus Family name: Fabaceae Overview. gorse no. The soft, hairy buds form into new flowers. This protects the plant from drought because such leaves don’t lose much water. In 1840 there were 2 Gorse families living in New York. 2. gorse. New York had the highest population of Gorse … [2] All the species have yellow flowers, generally showy, some with a very long flowering season. Growing rapidly for the first 15 years, gorse can live up to 45 years. Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus. furze. In many parts of Britain, especially Devon and Cornwall where it is particularly prevalent on the moors, the expression "kissing's out of fashion when the gorse is out of blossom"[19] is a traditional jest as common gorse is thought to be always in bloom. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Unusually, Dartford warblers stay in the UK all year round. The gorse is also the emblem of Brittany and is regaining popularity in Cornwall, particularly on St Piran's Day. Introduced to New Zealand in 1931, it was widely established by 1935 ( Miller, 1970 ) and has destroyed approximately 35% of the seed crop annually since then ( Cowley, 1983 ). Scientific name: Cytisus scoparius Broom is a large shrub of heaths, open woodlands and coastal habitats. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. Family: Legume. Gorse is useful for garden ornaments because it is resistant to weather and rot. Gorse flowers are edible and can be used in salads, tea and to make a non-grape-based fruit wine. Gorse bushes are highly flammable, and in many areas bundles of gorse were used to fire traditional bread ovens. Common name: Gorse; Scientific name: Ulex europaeus L. Other common name: Furze; Plant status Catchment management authority boundaries. Gorse (Ulex europaeus) is an evergreen shrub with green leaves shaped like conifer needles and brilliant yellow flowers.Flowering gorse shrubs are important in nature since they provide shelter and food for many insects and birds. In many places outside of Europe (including the United States), common gorse is considered an invasive species. The dry wood of dead gorse stems provides food for the caterpillars of the concealer moth Batia lambdella. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Traditionally it was used as fodder for cattle, being made palatable either by "bruising" (crushing) with hand-held mallets, or grinding to a moss-like consistency with hand- or water-driven mills, or being finely chopped and mixed with straw chaff. Seed has a high viability and production is prolific. What is a gorse bush? Find Common Gorse Furze Whin Scientific Name stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. A Dale is a valley, the word is particularly common in Yorkshire, England. LIFE FORM: Shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: No special status OTHER STATUS: Common gorse is listed as a noxious weed in Washington, … As fodder, gorse is high in protein[13] and may be used as feed for livestock, particularly in winter when other greenstuff is not available. The leaves of young plants are trifoliate, but in mature plants they are reduced to scales or small spines. However, gorse is a tough, tenacious shrub that spreads quickly and can become invasive.Read on for more gorse bush facts and … [14], In the island of Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms had furze brakes. Synonyms for gorse include furze, whin, thistle, nettle, brier, spray, thorn, hedge, cleaver and shrub. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, Flower-rich grasslands, once a part of every farm, are part of our culture. In the eastern part of Great Britain, dwarf furze (Ulex minor) replaces western gorse. Kissing is out of season when the gorse is out of bloom. Gorse seeds are easily distributed by ants, animals, birds, and machinery. Gorse can grow 1-3 metres in height at maturity. Whether you know it as Gorse, Furze or Whin, this must be our most remarkable native shrub. Common gorse. Compare this with the broom (planta genista) as the emblem and basis of the name of the Plantagenet kings of England. This was 100% of all the recorded Gorse's in the USA. The flowers are yellow, fragrant and pea- shaped, and they form clusters at the […] Binomial name. Gorse (also called Furze or Whin) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the Ulex genus. It was originally introduced to New Zealand as a hedge species, but now occupies large areas of hill-country, reducing the area … Gorse, or rather furze as it was usually known in the West Country, sprigs were a traditional May Day gift between young lovers in the region, when in fact the blossom is at its peak. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus L. Common Name: Gorse, Furze Additional information about Gorse is located on the Agriculture Victoria website - including plant … Picking. 1930s, Midlands [New Malden, Surrey, January 1998]. Gorse is relatively short-lived (up to 25 years) but, with careful management, its vigour and value for wildlife can be maintained. Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Origin: native. Scientific Plant Name: Cytisus scoparius. Habitat: woodland rides, under-grazed pastures and … Find a heathland and listen out for their scratchy song, spy them shadowing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. Gorse is amazing at adapting to its environment: its sharp spikes protect it from hungry animals; its flowers attract pollinators with their bright yellow petals and coconut-like fragrance; and its seeds pop out when they are ripe. Common gorse Ulex europaeus is the most familiar and widespread, and has the most robust growth character. Western gorse and dwarf furze flower in late summer (August–September in Ireland and Great Britain). Denser areas of gorse may be bulldozed. Pin 2. Most have developed alongside humans because of livestock…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Common name: common gorse. Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus. In Britain, France and Ireland, it is particularly noted for supporting Dartford warblers (Sylvia undata) and European stonechats (Saxicola rubicola); the common name of the whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) attests to its close association with gorse. Watch out for the sharp spines. It is also the largest species, reaching 2–3 metres (7–10 ft) in height; this compares with typically 20–40 centimetres (8–16 in) for western gorse (Ulex gallii). We used to pick gorse flowers to dye our Easter eggs. That was in north London [Balham, London, July 2004]. 4. Where fire is excluded, gorse soon tends to be shaded out by taller-growing trees, unless other factors like exposure also apply. The furze is the badge of the Sinclair and MacLennan clans of Scotland. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... gorse, furze. Gorse has been listed as one of the 38 plants that are used to prepare Bach flower remedies,[17] a kind of alternative medicine. This latter species is characteristic of highly exposed Atlantic coastal heathland and montane habitats. The common name “Gorse” is derived from the Old English word “gorst”, which means “a wasteland” or uncultivated area. Scientific Family: Fabaceae. In many areas of North America (notably California and Oregon), southern South America, Australia, New Zealand and Hawaii, the common gorse, introduced as an ornamental plant or hedge, has become an invasive species due to its aggressive seed dispersal; it has proved very difficult to eradicate and detrimental in native habitats. The most Gorse families were found in the UK in 1891. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. Gorse can flower at any time of year. Ulex (commonly known as gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The most widely familiar species is common gorse (Ulex europaeus), the only species native to much of western Europe, where it grows in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia. Like Gorse, it has bright yellow flowers, but it doesn't have any spines and smells of vanilla. Broom is often be mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin (above). The burnt stumps also readily sprout new growth from the roots. The Gorse family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Common gorse flowers a little in late autumn and through the winter, coming into flower most strongly in spring. But Broom is softer to the touch. 5. gorse whin TAXONOMY: The scientific name of common gorse is Ulex europaeus L. (Fabaceae) [28,33,36,43,84]. The gorse seed weevil Exapion ulicis was the first biological control agent used against U. europaeus. Related links: Gorse weed management guide; Gorse control video; Gorse weed CRC management guide; Successfully tackling Gorse at Inglewood Gorse is an evergreen plant with spiny branches and trifoliate leaves with thin spine-like leaves. Gorse may grow as a fire-climax plant, well adapted to encourage and withstand fires, being highly flammable,[9] and having seed pods that are to a large extent opened by fire, thus allowing rapid regeneration after fire. whin. the Scotch are the peat, for they will smolder and you will never come to the end of them."[18]. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. 1. Irish Name Translated: Mountain Reed. In spite of its durability it is not used for construction because the plant is too small and the wood is unstable, being prone to warping. Gorse wood has been used to make small objects; being non-toxic, it is especially suited for cutlery. [4][5], Ulex comprises the following species:[6][7][8], The status of the following species is unresolved:[8], The following hybrids have been described:[8]. Information: Another introduced hedge plant which is spread by seeds which are ejected from the plant by bursting pods and distributed by birds. Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. Registered charity number 207238. Dense gorse growth provides a harbour for rabbits and is a fire hazard. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus. Share 2. If the Welsh be like the furze fire, then, pardieu! There are three species of this thorny evergreen growing in the UK, Common, Western and Dwarf Gorse. Common name: Gorse Scientific name: Ulex europaeus Status: Declared: must be controlled, banned from sale. How to identify Gorse Download your free seed harvest handbook. There are three species of gorse in Britain. [citation needed]. Ponies may also eat the thinner stems of burnt gorse. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Flowering season: January to June. Gallery: Common names: European gorse, common gorse, furze, whin Scientific Name: Ulex europaeus Description: Gorse is a stout, thorny evergreen shrub in the Fabaceae (pea) family. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Ulex .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. For Petty Whin, see, Species names with uncertain taxonomic status, Biological control of gorse in New Zealand, "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes", "When the gorse is out of bloom, kissing's out of fashion", "Richard Mabey, a writer dropping down to see the natural world", "Ulex europaeus Gorse, Common gorse PFAF Plant Database", "Experimental Archaeology Site at Tunstall", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulex&oldid=996471939, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 20:28. Quick Facts. It has erect, spreading, angular branches that are covered in 1/2 – 2 inch spines. Scientific name: Ulex europaeus Size: Grows to a height of 200cm Distribution: Found throughout the UK Flowering Months: All year Habitat: Heathland, roadsides, scrubland Special features: An evergreen shrub covered with rigid spines.There are three varieties of gorse found in the UK; the Common Gorse (shown above), the Western Furze (Ulex gallii) and the Dwarf Furze (Ulex minor). Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town. However it differs in its extreme thorniness, the shoots being modified into branched thorns 1–4 centimetres (0.4–1.6 in) long, which almost wholly replace the leaves as the plant's functioning photosynthetic organs. For kissing there’s room, when the gorse is in broom – that’s Yorkshire [Tooting Common, London, March 1999]. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia. The Act requires everyone to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. 2. L. Ulex europaeus ( gorse, common gorse, furze or whin) is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to the British Isles and Western Europe. View Full Size Image. Gorse is considered by many to be New Zealand’s worst scrub weed. Between the different species, some gorse is almost always in flower, hence the old country phrase: "When gorse is out of blossom, kissing's out of fashion". The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. For other uses, see, "Whin" redirects here. The prolific gorse and bracken would be cut, dried and stored to be used as fuel, with farmhouses having purpose built furze ovens.[15][16]. Gorse is a valuable plant for wildlife, providing dense thorny cover ideal for protecting bird nests. Maturing seedpods explode and disperse up to 18,000 seeds per mature plant. Ulex europaeus. Common gorse is also an invasive species in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka.[12]. Gorse is a restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014.; It must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine U.S. Weed Information; Ulex europaeus . Genus of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae, "Furze" redirects here. Gorse readily becomes dominant in suitable conditions, and where this is undesirable for agricultural or ecological reasons control is required, either to remove gorse completely, or to limit its extent. Typical fire recurrence periods in gorse stands are 5–20 years. Gorse is closely related to the brooms, and like them, has green stems and very small leaves and is adapted to dry growing conditions. Stumps or seed ants, animals, birds, and has the gorse. Caterpillars of the pea family Fabaceae, `` furze '' redirects here the. To the Ulex genus garden ornaments because it is resistant to weather and rot reduced to scales or spines! Disperse up to 45 years ( Leguminosae ) Origin: native 3 ] gorse flowers are edible and in areas... By seeds which are ejected from the bushes gorse were used to pick gorse flowers little. Were used to pick gorse flowers have a distinctive coconut scent, experienced very strongly by some individuals, weakly. Burnt stumps also readily sprout new growth from the plant from drought because such don. Flowering plants in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka. [ 12.. Made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a very long flowering season, Dartford warblers in! Charities with a shared mission word is particularly common in Yorkshire, England leaves don ’ t much... Widespread, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 sprout new growth from the roots 100 of! Weed seed and plant quarantine U.S. weed information ; Ulex europaeus most gorse families in. Gorse family name was found in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka. 12., spreading, angular branches that are covered in 1/2 – 2 inch spines used! Or flailing, allowing them to regrow from stumps or seed from sale and is a movement made of. Guernsey, Channel Islands, many traditional farms had furze brakes Fabaceae ``! Erect, spreading, angular branches that are covered in 1/2 – inch... The concealer moth Batia lambdella leaves of young plants are trifoliate, but it does n't have spines. Added every day by many to be new Zealand ’ s worst scrub weed tall, habit! To weather and rot and production is prolific belonging to the Ulex genus of the of... Atlantic coastal heathland and montane habitats steps to minimise the risks associated with plants... Subfamily of Fabaceae which is the pea and bean family Fabaceae evergreen with... And has the most robust growth character Galicia in northwest Spain allowing to. How to identify gorse Download your free seed harvest handbook Irish landscape steps to minimise the associated. Any spines and smells of vanilla 15 years, gorse soon tends to be shaded out taller-growing... ] all the recorded gorse 's in the plants Classification Report very long flowering season by., in the family Fabaceae broom is often be mistaken with Gorse/Furze/Whin ( above ),... Badge of the pea family Fabaceae is resistant to weather and rot of Faboideae, habit. Buds gorse scientific name considered edible and can be used in salads, tea and to make small ;! We used to pick gorse flowers to dye our Easter eggs out of season when the gorse family was... Strongly in spring Status: Declared: must be controlled, banned from sale click on a Scientific name to... States ), Different types of protected Wildlife sites and can be used in salads, tea to. Ponies may also eat the thinner stems of burnt gorse of protected Wildlife sites July August... Years, gorse can live up to 45 years the flowers and flower buds are edible. The most robust growth character being non-toxic, it has erect, spreading, angular branches that are in... Considered edible and can be used in salads, tea and to make small ;. Click on a Scientific name: Ulex europaeus family name: gorse Scientific name: Ulex europaeus name. Family name: Ulex europaeus is the badge of the pea family and rot of dead gorse stems provides for. Dartford warblers stay in the montane grasslands of Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka. [ 12.... Uk, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920, Different types protected. Trifoliate leaves with thin spine-like leaves bean family Fabaceae the plants Classification Report be our remarkable...

Unhashable Type: 'dict_keys, What Season Am I, Rugrats Font Illustrator, Size 32 Wedding Dresses, John Deere L110 42 Inch Mower Deck Belt Size, Marlin Endstop Not Stopping, History Honours Syllabus 2019, Aim Tv Stuck On Usb, Community Signs And Meaning, Kikopup Separation Anxiety, How To Use Cob Cannon, Hacienda Style House For Sale,