[15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Maize, wheat paddy are covered under MSP but this year farmer is getting between Rs 1,000-1,200 per quintal for maize as against Rs 1,850 per quintal MSP. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. [77] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. Farmers in Himachal Pradesh are ditching traditional food crops to grow aromatic plants that offer higher and assured returns [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. Kala, C.P. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. For Himachal Pradesh’s apple growers, this should have been the best possible year. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Vegetable Farming. Himachal has earned the name of the 'Apple State of India'. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. Onion Farming Information Guide for Beginners. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Solan district alone harvests around 175,000 tonnes of … [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. Sushma Kumari. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. Agriculture Map of Himachal Pradesh showing different crops growing areas, irrigated areas and name of irrigation projects. Which means the psychoactive effect of the drug will be absent. Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. Special efforts are being made to promote cultivation of new crops like olives, figs, hops, mushrooms, flowers, pistachio nuts, sarda melon and saffron. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. About 93% of the state population depend directly upon agriculture. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Get latest info on Fresh Vegetables, suppliers, wholesale suppliers, retailers & traders with Fresh Vegetables prices for buying. The recent spell of hailstorm in Himachal Pradesh and its nearby areas has battered various vegetables and fruit crops, hampering the income prospects of scores of farmers. Agriculture Farming Organic Mint Farming (Pudina), Planting And Growing Introduction to Organic Mint Farming, Cultivation Practices Mints belong to the genus Mentha, in … [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Agriculture In Himachal Pradesh. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Write 5 sentences about crops grown in himachal pradesh in halda festival 2 See answers rishikaar063 is waiting for your help. Diversified crops are grown in peri-urban vegetable farms which also include specialty vegetables like red and yellow coloured sweet pepper, cherry tomato, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, baby corn, sweet corn, gherkin, leek, bunching onion, celery, parsley, chive, pak-choi, asparagus, artichoke etc. The statistical data, graphs and charts shown offer the information on almost all socio-economic parameters of a district in a very handy format. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. 2018; 6(1):21-28. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-6-1-4. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[40] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. There is no check on private players to purchase it on MSP. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing … Shimla, Dec 27 (IANS): Himachal Pradesh, flush with vegetables like high-value exotic broccoli and lettuce, has scaled up zero-budget natural farming, involving chemical-free sustainable agriculture, by going back to the roots, nature's way. Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. Shimla: These days, the debate over legalizing the cultivation of cannabis plants (hemp)in Himachal Pradesh has brought the attention of […] MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. Among the cereals, wheat, rice, maize, and barley are important. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. Minhas, Chairman HIMOARD provides many services for the promotion of organic horticulture in the state of Himachal Pradesh. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. The study was based on data collected from 60 farmers selected randomly from selected villages of two blocks namely, Sadar and Sundernagar. So almost all major crops are grown here; comprising maize, wheat and rice food crops, accounting more than 50 percent of its total agriculture production and ginger, potato, mushroom and fruits are non- food crops. Two major types of crops grow in India. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Barley is cultivated largely in Shimla district. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Agriculture contributes nearly about 45% to the net state domestic product. of 1950). It alone accounts for 46 percent of total area under fruit crops and 76 percent of the total fruits production. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. major crops of himachal pradesh Himachal Pradesh can be called an 'India-in-miniature' is almost all climate conditions prevailing in our country are found in the state. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. In India, forty two species of different pests have been reported on this crop (Reddy and Kumar, 2004). [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Tag - Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. Fields lay unsown due to delayed monsoon in Karsog valley, near Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh agriculture is the main protagonist of the people out there and among all, jhum cultivation is the major occupation in the state's agricultural sector. Add your answer and earn points. Apples yield the maximum income. I n a program ‘farm to fork’ started by Punjab’s department of horticulture at … The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. But the Polish company that recently signed a pact with the state is eyeing to compensate … The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. Shimla: Himachal Pradesh’s farmers have been traditionally credited with turning the state’s rugged mountain valleys into India’s best farming hubs, and with bringing in the apple revolution and high-yield cash crops. Agriculture Map of Himachal Pradesh showing different crops growing areas, irrigated areas and name of irrigation projects. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. It is having mild temperate climate. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Majority of cash crops mainly vegetables grown in the Pradesh are exported and consumed by the neighbouring states of plains. Agriculture contributes nearly about 45% to the net state domestic product. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. The apple production in Himachal Pradesh is around 40 million boxes (one box is 20 kilograms) if the crop is good. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. [20] The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. SHIMLA: Farmers in tiny hamlets dotted over Himalayan peaks of the landlocked Lahaul Valley of Himachal Pradesh are not in high spirits amid the pandemic with government plans to promote contract farming of the highly remunerative barley for making malt whiskey have gone awry, at least this year. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. The production of Maize, which was 67.3 thousand tones in 1951-1952 has gone up to 644.44 thousand tonnes in the year 2017-2018. [56] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. Himachal Pradesh o Area under vegetables: 72,000 ha o Production 12,50,700 metric tones o Productivity 181 q/ha. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . American Journal of Rural Development. Jhum cultivation means collective farming and it acquires central position in the agricultural sector of Arunachal Pradesh. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Currently, 8,000 growers have now started growing apples and pears on their plots ranging from as small as two bighas to up to 50 bighas, said Kanwar. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. Himachal Pradesh ranks fifth in the production of maize, after Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Rajasthan. IN COVID-19 FARMERS HOME DELIVER HYGIENICALLY GROWN, CLEANED VEGETABLES. [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. Top 10 Agriculture Colleges In Himachal Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. There is no check on private players to purchase it on MSP. HIMALAYAN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EVELOPMENT (HIMOARD) Khaneri Rampur Bsr. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Important vegetables grown in different zones of Himachal Pradesh: Zone I <914 m, 60-100 cm rainfall Tomato, frenchbean, okra, ginger, brinjal, cucumber, kharif onion, pea. However, agriculture in the state suffers from certain limitations, especially in the production of … Orange Farming Information Guide: The following article is about Orange Farming Practices, and Techniques. The state also produces pulses and oilseeds. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. The Manali hill agriculture mainly consists of extensive fruit plantations. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. Oilseeds constitute a very important group of commercial crops and play a significant role in the day-to-day life of the people. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. Himachal Pradesh can be called an 'India-in-miniature' is almost all climate conditions prevailing in our country are found in the state. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. Abstract Main purpose of the study is to determine the cost structure, profit margin and returns to scale of foodgrain crops. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. Kangra, Hamirpur, Mandi, Solan, Sirmaur and Bilaspur district are the main producers of maize, according for 63 percent of the production in the state. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Maize is one of the important high surplus cereal crop productions in Himachal Pradesh which has significantly played a dynamic role in the consumption and animal feeding in this particular state. Image of view, crops, landscape - 178807067 More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Himachal Pradesh. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. Let us take a look at these. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. For these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country 1,000 secondary schools and more 1,300... Composed both of rivers and glaciers it is the state concentrated in Sirmaur Chamba... Different varieties of crops are also seen clinging to steep slopes water on his farm army laid to!, Chairman HIMOARD provides many services for the state hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute the... ) Department of Information and Public Relations. [ 129 ]: District... सब्जियां विक्रेता, शिमला, Himachal comprised the hilly state is placed 21st on foothills! ( HPMC ) is a major contributor to the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ) primary and... 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